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Publius Vergilius Maro used to write “apértos bàcchus amàt collés” (Georgiche 37-30 a. C.), thus meaning that the ideal growing environment for the vine are the steep slopes well exposed to the sun. Here the vine directly absorbs the sun rays benefiting from the currents of air draughts and the natural drainage of rainwater. The hills are characterized by a ventilation typical of the sea breeze preventing air and humidity stagnation and the risk of mould development. Furthermore the vineyards in the hills follow seasonal changes and are affected by the daily temperature range. This grants the must a good acidity degree with following production and enrichment of freshness and aroma. The Collio belongs to the “Flysch of Cormons” where the soil is made of alternate layers of marls and sandstones. The “Ponca” (the Friulan word for “marl”) is the best ground for hill vine-growing. It is altered by atmospheric agents and quickly crumbles to scaly fragments, which afterwards decalcify and turn their original leaden-grey hue in a yellowish colour until they dissolve in a clay ground. The marl makes the ground impermeable causing rainwater to run off its surface thus easily giving rise to erosion. In order to stem this phenomenon vine-growers had to terrace the hills to plant the vines, so as to avoid the “consumption” of the hills and the hoeing up of vineyards. Over the years these terraces have become a distinctive feature characteristic of our hills and in some areas are called “ronchi”.

The Collio is the hilly area in the Gorizia district which extends along the Slovenian border between the rivers Isonzo and Judrio. It includes around 1600 hectares of highly developed hilly vineyards. The territory covers a sequence of slopes which develops almost uninterruptedly along an ideal east-west line with wide surfaces exposed to the sun at midday particularly suited to a high quality wine production.

Az. Agr. Subida di Monte     Via Subida, 6    Cormòns (GO)    tel. 0481-61011 fax. 0481-61127       e-mail : subida@libero.it     P.iva 00135330314

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